Discover Top National Parks in Assam and its Amazing Wildlife

Assam, a state nestled in the northeastern part of India, is a region of unparalleled natural beauty and rich biodiversity. Amidst its picturesque landscapes, Assam is home to some of the most remarkable national parks in the country. National parks in Assam serve as safe havens for a diverse array of flora and fauna, attracting nature lovers, wildlife enthusiasts, and researchers from across the globe. From the world-famous Kaziranga National Park to the lesser-known gems like Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary, each sanctuary in Assam offers a unique and enthralling experience, providing an opportunity to witness the wonders of the natural world up close.

1. Kaziranga National Park

Rhino at Kaziranga National Park
Rhino at Kaziranga National Park | IC: Diganta Talukdar, via Wikimedia Commons

Kaziranga National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Assam, teems with diverse wildlife. It is one of the best national parks in Assam and in India. The park’s most iconic residents are the one-horned rhinoceroses, roaming freely across its grasslands. With active conservation efforts, their population has steadily increased. The park is also home to Bengal tigers, elephants, and various deer species. Apart from big mammals, Kaziranga boasts a plethora of avian species, making it a birdwatcher’s paradise.

The scenic landscape of tall elephant grass and marshlands adds to its allure. Visitors can explore the park through Jeep safaris and elephant rides, offering exciting encounters with nature’s wonders.

2. Manas National Park

Elephant_in_Manas_National_Park
Elephant in Manas National Park | IC: Anutosh Deb, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

Manas, another UNESCO World Heritage Site, showcases a diverse range of flora and fauna. The park’s lush forests provide shelter to endangered species like the golden langur, pygmy hog, and Bengal florican. Moreover, it is one of the few places where you can spot the majestic Royal Bengal tiger.

The serene Manas River flows through the park, enhancing its natural beauty. Traversing the park’s dense foliage, visitors may also encounter Indian elephants, Indian rhinoceroses, and various deer species. With its rich biodiversity and breathtaking landscapes, Manas is a true haven for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts alike.

3. Nameri National Park

Nameri National Park
Nameri National Park | IC: Ajay.talukdar, CC BY-SA 3.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Nameri National Park, bordering Arunachal Pradesh, is a bird lover’s delight. The critically endangered white-winged wood duck finds sanctuary here, making it a special sight for ornithologists. Besides the wood duck, Nameri hosts over 300 avian species.

Additionally, the park is known for its elusive big cats, such as tigers and leopards, roaming stealthily in its dense forests. The Jia Bhoroli River flows alongside the park, offering opportunities for angling and river rafting. Nature walks and wildlife safaris further allow visitors to immerse themselves in the park’s serene ambiance.

4. Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

Feral Horses at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park
Feral Horses at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park | IC: Dhruba Jyoti Baruah, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Dibru-Saikhowa National Park, with its unique semi-wetland and grassland ecosystems, showcases a distinct habitat. The park’s biodiversity includes feral horses, water buffaloes, and Gangetic river dolphins. The river dolphin, locally known as ‘sihu,’ is a rare and endangered species found in the Brahmaputra river. Dibru-Saikhowa is also a haven for birdwatchers, as it hosts migratory and resident avian species.

Apart from wildlife, visitors can enjoy boat rides on the Brahmaputra River, taking in the scenic beauty of the park. The rich natural diversity and the captivating river experience make Dibru-Saikhowa a captivating destination for ecotourism.

5. Orang National Park

Greater one-horned rhinoceros at Orang National Park
Greater one-horned rhinoceros at Orang National Park | IC: Nejib Ahmed, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Orang National Park, also known as Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park, is renowned for its Indian rhinoceros population. The park’s grasslands and wetlands provide an ideal habitat for these magnificent creatures. Besides rhinos, visitors can spot Indian elephants, wild boars, and various deer species.

Orang is also a treasure trove of avian diversity, attracting birdwatchers with its rich birdlife. The scenic beauty and the chance to witness these endangered animals in their natural surroundings make Orang National Park a must-visit destination for wildlife enthusiasts.

6. Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary

Rhino_tourism_in_Pobitora_Wildlife_Sanctuary
Rhino tourism in Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary | IC: Anutosh Deb, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for its high population density of one-horned rhinoceroses. The sanctuary’s compact size makes it easier to spot these majestic creatures during safaris. Apart from rhinos, visitors may encounter wild buffaloes, wild boars, and various bird species.

The sanctuary’s picturesque landscape of grasslands and water bodies adds to the overall charm of the place. Pobitora provides an excellent opportunity to witness the remarkable conservation efforts aimed at protecting the endangered rhinoceros.

7. Sonai Rupai Wildlife Sanctuary

Nestled along the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas, Sonai Rupai Wildlife Sanctuary offers a diverse range of wildlife. The sanctuary is home to Bengal tigers, Indian elephants, and various primates, including the capped langur and the Assamese macaque. Additionally, birdwatchers can spot numerous avian species, making it a birding paradise. The sanctuary’s natural beauty, with its hilly terrains and dense forests, offers a delightful experience for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts.

8. Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary

Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary is a sanctuary of significance for the conservation of the endangered Bengal florican. This grassland sanctuary provides the perfect habitat for these unique birds. Apart from the florican, the sanctuary hosts a variety of avian species, making it an attractive spot for birdwatching. The landscape of tall grasses and marshes adds to the sanctuary’s charm. While exploring Laokhowa, visitors can also encounter other wildlife, such as elephants, deer, and wild boars, making it a delightful destination for nature enthusiasts and photographers alike.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the national parks in Assam stand as a testament to the state’s commitment to preserving its ecological heritage. Through active conservation efforts and dedicated protection, these sanctuaries provide a safe haven for endangered species, migratory birds, and other wildlife. From the iconic one-horned rhinoceros roaming freely in Kaziranga to the elusive Bengal florican finding solace in Laokhowa, each sanctuary plays a vital role in maintaining the delicate balance of nature.

As visitors explore the lush forests, grasslands, and wetlands, they witness firsthand the marvels of the natural world and gain a deeper appreciation for the importance of safeguarding our environment. The national parks in Assam beckon all those who seek to connect with nature and embark on a journey of discovery and conservation, ensuring that these precious ecosystems continue to thrive for generations to come.

Anindita Mukherji
Anindita Mukherji
I am a passionate wildlife YouTuber and blogger dedicated to capturing the beauty of birds and wildlife through my camera lens. With a deep love for nature and an insatiable curiosity about history, I try to bring a unique perspective in my videos and blogs, sharing not only stunning images but also the stories and fascinating facts behind the animals I cover. As a passionate advocate for conservation, I am committed to raising awareness about the importance of protecting our planet's precious biodiversity. Through my engaging and informative videos and blogs, I try to inspire people of all ages to connect with nature and take action to safeguard our natural heritage for future generations.

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